Eligibility and Criteria for Admission

Candidates having Bachelor’s Degree in Geography or any other subjects recognized by Tribhuvan University are eligible to apply for admission in MA Geography. An applicant seeking admission to MA in Geography must appear and pass the entrance examination conducted by Dean’s Office, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. The applicant who fails to appear in the Entrance Examination or to obtain the minimum qualifying score will not be given admission. The admission of students will be based strictly on merit list and the enrollment capacity of Central Department of Geography or the respective campus

Medium of Instruction

English will be the medium of instruction at Master’s level.

Duration of the Program

Two academic years will be divided into four semesters. The department follows academic calendar published by Tribhuvan University.

Hours of Instruction and the Credit Calculation

There will be 90 working days in each semester. Students must fulfill at least eighty percent attendance in each course.


One credit hour is equivalent to 16 lecture hours. One theory paper of one credit will have at least one lecture hour per week.


For practical courses one credit hour is equivalent to 16 hours. One credit will have two hours practical class per week.


Students must obtain pass marks in all theory and practical subjects separately in order to obtain the degree. There will be internal examinations in each semester carrying a weightage of 40% of the total marks. Similarly, 60% will be of end semester examination. Appearing in and passing the internal examinations is mandatory to take the final examinations. The pass marks of all theory, practical, research work, field work is 50%. TU-FoHSS/Controller of Examinations will conduct the final examinations, while the internal examinations will be conducted by the Department.

Grading system

  • Total marks obtained in internal and end semester exams shall be graded on absolute or relative bases.
  • The performance of a student shall be made on a four point scale ranging from 0 to 4 grades
  • A student must secure a minimum Grade Point Average (GPA) of 2.7 or Grade B minus (B-) in each course.

Grading scale

Grade CGPA Percentage Equivalent Performance Remarks
A 4.0 90 and above Distinction
A- 3.7 80 -89.9 Very good
B+ 3.3 70-79.9 First Division
B 3.0 60-69.9 Second Division
B- 2.7 50-59.9 Pass in individual subject
F 0 Below 50 Fail
  • The students shall receive their semester grades and academic transcript grades only in letter grades and GPA scores.
  • Students securing only 2.7 in grade point are considered as “pass in individual subject”.
  • In order to pass the semester examination the student must secure a minimum of Grade “B” or Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of 3.0.
  • A student who secures CGPA less than 3 may request for the opportunity to improve the grade in two subjects. The office of the dean will provide one time opportunity to appear in semester exam. The exam of the courses to improve grade shall be held as per the course cycle.
  • Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) is the grade point average of the semester, is calculated as


  • Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) which is grade point average of all semester is calculated as